Kidney failure is also termed as an end-stage renal disease (ESRD), which is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. When your kidneys fail, it means they have stopped functioning for a human to survive without dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Causes of kidney failure
In most cases, kidney failure is caused by other health problems that have done permanent damage to your kidneys little by little, or overtime. When your kidneys are damaged, they may not work as well as they are supposed to. If the damage to your kidneys continues to get worse and your kidneys are less and less able to do their job, then you are sure to have chronic kidney disease. Kidney failure is the last stage(a person may die) of chronic kidney disease. This is why kidney failure is also called end-stage renal disease, or ESRD in short.
Diabetes is the most common cause of ESRD. High blood pressure is also a common cause of ESRD. Other problems that can cause kidney failure include:
- Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and IgA nephropathy
- Genetic diseases such as polycystic kidney disease
- Nephrotic syndrome
- Urinary tract problems.
You may notice one or more of the following symptoms if your kidneys begin to fail:
- Muscle cramps
- Nausea and vomiting
- Not feeling hungry
- Swelling in your feet and ankles
- Too much urine (pee) or not enough urine
- Trouble catching your breath
- Trouble sleeping
How do I know which treatment is right for me?
There are two treatment options for kidney failure:
- dialysis (hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis).
- kidney transplantation.
Discuss with your family members so that you can decide which treatment will best fit your lifestyle needs. Also, you always have plenty of choices to change to a different type of treatment in the future. As your needs and your life change over time, so may your treatment as per the problems. However, there may be some medical reasons why a particular treatment option is not right for you, so talk with your health care doctor to discuss your personal needs.