WHAT DIET TO FOLLOW AFTER TRANSPLANT?
After your kidney transplant, your diet will play a big part. As your body readjusts to your new kidney, you may require to make food choices to keep your kidney healthy. If you were on dialysis before you had your transplant, you may see that this diet is simpler to follow than the one you followed when on dialysis.
WILL MEDICATIONS AFFECT DIET?
Any medicines, which are required so that the kidney does not get rejected, may impact diet.
Other general medicines may also increase your blood fats (cholesterol and triglycerides), blood sugar, and/or blood pressure. Changes in potassium, magnesium, and phosphorus levels are also normal. You may require to improve your diet to decrease the consumption of these minerals.
WHAT DIET AND EXERCISE IMPROVEMENTS NEED TO BE DONE?
You may find that you have a greater appetite after your transplant and are gaining a few
unwanted pounds. Here are some methods you can manage calories:
- Eat more fresh vegetables and fruits
- Eat more lean meat, skinless poultry, and seafood
- Use non-fat farm products
- Drink sugar-free refreshments
- Avoid fatty, fried, and sweet foods
- Maintain good blood sugar levels
You must establish an exercise and activity plan. Some tips are:
- Strengthen your heart muscle
- Give you better form and appearance
- Improve your endurance
- Keep your bones healthy
- Fixed up an exercise schedule with your doctor’s advice and get started as soon as you are permitted.
HOW MUCH FLUID DOES ONE NEED TO TAKE?
A surgeon may ask you to drink 3-4 liters of water each day. This is to prevent dehydration while your new organ is learning to concentrate urine. Accurately follow your consumption and output on the form provided by your transplant coordinator. Your surgeon will guide you about your fluid intake based on your lab work. Ultimately, you will be capable to drink only when thirsty.
IS A LOW-SALT DIET RECOMMENDED?
Most transplant recipients still require to reduce salt. Transplant medicines, particularly steroids, may cause you to retain fluid. Salt creates this problem worse, developing fluid retention and increased blood pressure. Managing blood pressure is very important to the health of your transplant. Your doctor may tell you to limit your salt consumption.
IS A LOW-POTASSIUM DIET RECOMMENDED?
As long as your Kidney transplantation is going well, you should be able to take in normal quantities of potassium from your food. However, some medicines can raise your blood level of potassium, while others decrease it. If your blood level of potassium is too large or too low, your physician may suggest some changes in your diet.
HOW ABOUT CALCIUM AND PHOSPHORUS LEVELS?
In the months after your kidney transplant, your surgeon will check for possible bone loss and talk to you about the best way to keep your bones strong. In the meantime, every adult needs about two servings a day from the dairy group (milk, cheese, and yogurt or a good calcium or phosphorus substitute). Except your surgeon or dietitian has told you not to use these vegetables, try to include them in your meals.